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50. U. S. Senator James F. Wilson House

805 S. Main Street (1857)NRHP Logo

Built in the Greek Revival style, it is most famous as belonging to Fairfield's United States Senator, James F. Wilson.

The original entry porch was removed and replaced with a smaller one.

Read below about Senator Wilson's influence on Fairfield.

South side of the house.
Senator James F. Wilson House

James Falconer Wilson held state-level elected offices, then was first elected to the U.S. Congress in 1861 to fill a vacancy, and was subsequently reelected to four consecutive terms, until 1869.

Beginning in 1863 he proposed and supported an amendment to abolish slavery throughout the entire United States.  Representative Wilson was delegated in 1865, along with two Senators, as the "The Committee of Congress" to take official word to the Executive Mansion of Lincoln's reelection as President.

In addition, Wilson was one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1868 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against President Andrew Johnson.

President Ulysses Grant tendered the position of Secretary of State in the Cabinet, but Wilson declined.  In 1869 he was appointed by President Grant as government director of the Union Pacific Railroad and served for 8 years.

Then in 1882 he was elected to the United States Senate and served from 1883 to March 3, 1895, the only U.S. Senator from Fairfield.

In 1891 he convinced Andrew Carnegie, a friend of his, to subsidize a permanent home for a library in Fairfield.  Wilson donated the land for the library, adjacent to his buildings on South Main Street.  His home is still standing at 805 S. Main Street.  He died in Fairfield on April 22, 1895; interment in Fairfield-Evergreen Cemetery.

Click here for the National Register of Historic Places Registration Form and photos for this building, which you can download.

Scroll down for photos

Front side of the house (west side, facing the street).  09-27-14
Wilson House

Southwest view of the house.  12-10-10
Senator James F. Wilson House

North side of the house, front is to the right.  12-10-10
Senator James F. Wilson House

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